According to the 2001 Census, Ontario Francophones live primarily in Eastern Ontario, where they represent 41.7% of the total Francophone population. The remaining population is distributed across Central (26.3%), Northeastern (24.7%), Southwestern (5.7%) and Northwestern (1.5%) Ontario.
Young people aged 14 and under account for only 14.2% of the province’s Francophone population.
The age group 65 years and over includes 15.1% Francophone women compared with 13.8% for the Francophone population as a whole.
Of the 13,282 Francophones who identified themselves as Aboriginal (2.5% of the province’s Francophone population), 6,407 or 48.2% live in Northeastern Ontario. There they represent 4.9% of the Francophone population. In Northwestern Ontario, 6.0% of the Francophone population or 490 individuals identified themselves as Aboriginal.
The 41,681 Francophones belonging to a visible minority represent 7.8% of the province’s Francophone population.
Francophones belonging to the Black minority are greater in number in Eastern Ontario (8,773) than in Central Ontario (5,871).
There are a larger number of Francophones belonging to the Chinese and South-Asian minorities in Central Ontario (4,516 and 3,799 respectively) than in Eastern Ontario (893 and 705 respectively).
Francophones belonging to the Arab minority are greater in number in Eastern Ontario (3,164) than in Central Ontario (2,999).
The Francophone immigrant population has been settling in the province in larger waves since the 1980s and immigration reached its peak between 1991 and 2001.
Between 1996 and 2001, Francophones aged 5 years and over who moved include 53,785 intraprovincial migrants compared with 35,290 interprovincial migrants and 15,845 external migrants.
Some 52,778 individuals aged 15 years and over or 11.7% of the province’s Francophone population have less than a Grade 9 education. In comparison, 157,728 individuals (34.8%) have achieved an education level between Grades 9 and 13
Some 44,293 individuals (9.8% of the Francophone population aged 15 years and over) hold a trades certificate or diploma; 94,403 (20.9%) have pursued a college education and 103,416 (22.8%) have attended university.
Francophones living in Central and Eastern Ontario are more likely to have pursued a college or university education. They are also more likely to have completed a certificate, diploma or degree
The major fields of study for Francophones aged 15 and over are: commerce, management and business administration (9.3%); applied science technologies and trades (9.1%); educational, recreational and counselling services (5.3%); social sciences and related fields (4.9%); health professions and related technologies (4.4%).
Among Francophone women aged 15 and over, 11.2% have studied commerce, management and business administration but only1.8% have favoured applied science technologies and trades. They have instead chosen to pursue their education in the fields of educational, recreational and counselling services (7.6%), health professions and related technologies (6.7%) and social sciences and related fields (5.3%).
Francophone women aged 15 and over have a labour force participation rate of 59.6% compared with 65.0% for the general Francophone population aged 15 and over.
Francophones aged 15 and over are employed in a variety of fields including manufacturing (12.0%), public administration (11.2%), retail trade (9.8%), educational services (9.1%), health care and social assistance (9%), professional, scientific and technical services (6.1%), and construction (6.1%).
Francophone women aged 15 and over are employed in health care and social assistance (15.3%), educational services (13.1%), public administration (12.3%), retail trade (10.8%), accommodation and food services (7.1%), and manufacturing (6.4%).
The average total income of Francophones is $32,517.83 for men compared with $24,425.12 for women. However, 55.9% of the Francophone population aged 15 years and over have a total income of $29,999 and under while 44.3% have an income of $30,000 and over.
Some 65.7% of Francophone women aged 15 and over have a total income of $29,999 and under, but 34.5% earn $30,000 and over.
The highest proportions of Francophones aged 15 and over with total incomes of $29,999 and under are found in Northeastern Ontario (63.2%), Southwestern Ontario (59.0%) and Northwestern Ontario (56.4%).
The largest proportions of Francophones with total incomes of $30,000 and over are found in Central Ontario (48.4%) and Eastern Ontario (46.4%).
Some 9.7% of Francophones aged 15 and over living in Northwestern Ontario have total incomes between $60,000 and $74,999 compared with 7.5% in Eastern Ontario, 7.3% in Central Ontario, 6.6% in Southwestern Ontario and 6.0% in Northeastern Ontario.
- Francophone Women
- Francophone Youth
- Francophone Seniors
- Francophone Immigrants
- Francophone Visible Minorities