Francophone Women

Francophone women make up 52.7% of the Francophone population in Ontario and 4.8% of the total population of women in the province. They live primarily in Eastern Ontario (41.8%), followed by Central (26.9%), Northeastern (24.3%), Southwestern (5.7%) and Northwestern (1.4%) Ontario).

Close to one third (31.1%) of Francophone women in the province are aged 29 years and under: 13.5% are between 0 and 14 years and 17.6% are between 15 and 29 years. The majority (53.7%) are between 30 and 64 years.

The proportion of Francophone women aged 65 years and over is 15.1% compared with 13.8% for the total Francophone population. They make up 57.4% of the Francophone population aged 65 years and over, 62.5% aged 75 and over, 67.3% aged 80 and over and 70.0% aged 85 years and over.

Southwestern Ontario has the highest proportion of Francophone women aged 65 years and over, at 23.8%.

Eastern Ontario has the lowest proportion of married Francophone women (41.3%) and the highest proportion of single Francophone women (39.8%).

The proportion of Francophone women who are divorced is highest in Central Ontario (8.0%), followed closely by Southwestern (7.7%), Eastern (7.1%), Northwestern (6.5%) and Northeastern (6.2%) Ontario.

In total, 82.4% of widowed Francophones are women. The region with the greatest proportion of widows is Southwestern Ontario (14.2%).

Some 6,739, or 2.4%, of Francophone women in Ontario declare an Aboriginal identity. Theses women are primarily found in Northeastern Ontario (46.9%), followed by Central (21.6%) and Eastern (21.2%) Ontario.

Of the 7.8% of Francophone women who belong to a visible minority, 38.3% belong to the Black minority, followed by the Arab (16.2%), Chinese (13.4%) and South Asian (10.5%) minorities.

The proportion of visible minority Central Ontario Francophone women who live in Toronto is 58.7% while 95.7% of visible minority Eastern Ontario Francophone women live in Ottawa.

Francophone immigrants make up 11.5% of the population of Francophone women in the province. The greatest proportion come from Europe (42.0%), followed by Asia (22.7%) and Africa (21.6%).

In Central Ontario, the proportion of Francophone women who are immigrants is 27.1%, followed by Southwestern (10.9%), Eastern (8.1%), Northwestern (3.7%) and Northeastern (0.6%) Ontario.

The Francophone immigrant population is primarily concentrated in large cities: 56.7% of Central Ontario Francophone immigrant women live in Toronto Division and 90.5% of Eastern Ontario Francophone immigrant women live in Ottawa Division.

In Central and Eastern Ontario, two distinct trends are observable in the places of birth of Francophone immigrant women who obtained immigrant status between 1996 and 2001. A proportion of 42.2% of those in Central Ontario were born in Europe, 26.9% in Asia and 25.3% in Africa. In Eastern Ontario, the proportions are reversed: Francophone immigrant women there primarily originate from Africa (44.3%), followed by Europe (23.9%) and Asia (17.4%).

Between 1996 and 2001, like the Francophone population in general, the majority of Francophone women aged 5 years and over did not move (57.1%).

Of Francophone women aged 15 years and over in Ontario,15.7% attend school compared to 14.9% of the total Francophone population. Of this percentage, 34.9% attend school part-time compared with 32.4% for the Francophone population as a whole.

Francophone women make up 60.3% of the Francophone population attending school part-time.

Central Ontario has the greatest proportion of Francophone women attending school (17.1%), followed by Eastern (16.8%), Northeastern (13.3%), Northwestern (13.3%) and Southwestern (11.7%) Ontario.

Northwestern (45.7%) and Central (39.9%) Ontario have the greatest proportions of women attending school part-time compared with Northeastern and Southwestern Ontario where the greatest proportions of Francophone women attending school full-time are found, 72.3% and 66.1% respectively.

The greatest proportions of Francophone women who have attained an educational level less than Grade 9 or a level from Grade 9 to Grade 13 without a high school graduation certificate are in Northeastern, Northwestern and Southwestern Ontario.

Francophone women living in Central and Eastern Ontario have higher levels of education. In Toronto, 45.2% of Francophone women have attended university and 39.6% of those in York Regional Municipality have attended university. In Eastern Ontario, 32.9% of Francophone women living in Ottawa Division and 32.7% of those living in Frontenac County have attended university.

The major field of study for Francophone women, as in the general Francophone population, is commerce, management and business administration. The proportion of Francophone women who have chosen this field is 26.1% compared with 21.1% for the total Francophone population.

The other major fields of study for Francophone women are educational, recreational and counselling services (17.5%), health professions and related technologies (15.5%), social sciences and related fields (12.4%), and humanities and related fields (9.8%). They are less often found in engineering and applied sciences (1.5%), mathematics, computers and physical sciences (2.6%) and in applied science technologies and trades (4.1%).

The rate of labour force participation for Francophone women is greatest in Central Ontario (64.0%), followed by Eastern (61.7%), Northwestern (60.2%), Northeastern (53.3%) and Southwestern (50.9%) Ontario.

Francophone women aged 15 and over are employed in the health care and social assistance industry (15.3%), educational services (13.1%), public administration (12.3%), retail trade (10.8%), and accommodation and food services (7.1%). In Eastern Ontario Francophone women are notable for their greater concentration in public administration (20.6%).

Francophone women represent 82.2% of Francophones working in the field of health care and social assistance and 70.4% of those working in educational services.

The average employment income of Francophone women in Ontario is $28,562 compared with $35,792 for the Francophone population as a whole. The average total income of Francophone women is $25,734 compared with $32,518 for the Francophone population as a whole.

Francophone women are concentrated primarily in the group having total incomes of $19,999 and under (51.3%) compared with 41.7% for the Francophone population as a whole. They represent 64.3% of Francophones with incomes of $19,999 and under.

Eastern Ontario has the greatest proportion of Francophone women with incomes of $40,000 and over (25.1%), followed by Central (24.9%), Southwestern (16.5%), Northwestern (14.7%) and Northeastern (13.3%) Ontario.

In regions with lower total incomes, approximately 60% of Francophone women have incomes of $19,999 and under: 61.5% in Northeastern Ontario, 59.6% in Northwestern Ontario and 56.3% in Southwestern Ontario.

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