Francophone Visible Minorities

As of 2001, 41,598 Ontario Francophones belong to visible minorities. They make up 7.9% of the total Francophone population in Ontario and 1.9% of its visible minority population.

Visible minority Francophones live primarily in Central (55.6%), Eastern (38.4%) and Southwestern (4.5%) Ontario. Only 1.4% live in Northeastern Ontario and 0.2%, Northwestern Ontario.

Visible minority Francophones living in Central Ontario make up 16.7% of the total Francophone population there, followed by 7.3 % in Eastern Ontario, and 6.1% in Southwestern Ontario.

They are primarily concentrated in large urban centres – the divisions of Ottawa and Toronto but also in Essex County.

The visible minority Francophone population is made up of 21,575 women (51.9%) and 20,023 men (48.1%).

Visible minority Francophones are young compared to the total Francophone population. Thus, 27.1% of visible minority Francophones are aged 14 years and under, 27.7% are aged from 15 to 29 years, 41.3% are aged 30 to 64 and 3.8% are 65 years and over.

Close to one in three visible minority Francophones in Eastern Ontario is aged 14 years or under (31.7%). In Central Ontario, 24.2 % of visible minority Francophones are in this age group.

The majority of visible minority Francophones are single (57.8%); 33.5% are legally married.

Only 2.5% of visible minority Francophones live in common law relationships.

In Francophone Ontario, the strongest visible minority is the Black (37.6%) minority group, followed by the Arab (16.4%), Chinese (13.5%) and South Asian (11.2%) groups.

Visible minority Francophones represent 67.8% of the immigrant population. The greatest proportions come from Asia (41.9%), Africa (35.3%) and the Caribbean and Bermuda (12.3%).

The majority (56.4%) of visible minority Francophone immigrants obtained their landed immigrant status between 1991 and 2001.

Among visible minority Francophones, 11,023 (or 36.4%) attend school, 74.8% do so on a full-time basis.

Visible minority Francophones have high levels of schooling. Indeed, 62.6% have attended college (18.5%) or university (44.1%). The latter percentage is considerably higher than that found in the Francophone population as a whole (22.8%).

At the provincial level, 21.8% of visible minority Francophones have undertaken studies in commerce, management and business administration, 13.5% in social sciences and related fields, 10.7% in engineering and applied sciences and 10.5% in humanities and related fields.

Visible minority Francophone women have chosen similar fields, with the exception of engineering and applied sciences. They are, however, more concentrated in commerce, management and business administration (26.3%), humanities and related fields (14.2%), social sciences and related fields (14.0%), health professions and related technologies (13.2%) and educational, recreational and counselling services (8.8%).

Labour force participation in the visible minority Francophone population is 67.0%, slightly higher than in the total Francophone population (65.0%).

The unemployment rate for visible minority Francophones is 11.9% and 13.2% for women. This percentage is double the 6.3% unemployment rate found in the total Francophone population. The rate in Eastern Ontario is 14.9% and it is 9.4% in Central Ontario.

Visible minority Francophones, like Francophones in general, work most often in manufacturing (13.1%), followed by retail trade (10.3%), health care and social assistance (9.2%), professional, scientific and technical services (8.6%), public administration (8.1%) and educational services (8.0%).

Visible minority Francophone women work primarily in health care and social assistance (13.7%), followed by retail trade (11.0%), educational services (9.7%), manufacturing (9.5%), public administration (9.1%) and finance and insurance (7.9%) .

The average employment income of visible minority Francophones is $29,537 compared with $35,792 for the total Francophone population. The average total income is $26,290 compared with $32,518 for the total Francophone population.

Francophone immigrant women’s average employment income is $22,526 and their average total income is $20,331. By way of comparison, the average employment income of Francophone women in Ontario is $28,562 and the average total income is $25,734.

The visible minority Francophone population aged 15 years and over has a proportion of 11.7% with no income compared with 4.5 % for the total Francophone population, or nearly three times that of the latter.

A proportion of 13.3% of visible minority Francophone women have no income compared to 6.0% of Francophone women in general.

Visible minority Francophones are also strongly concentrated in lower income groups. Thus, 11.0% have incomes under $2,000 compared with 5.9% for the general Francophone population.

We note that 56.8% of visible minority Francophones in Eastern Ontario have incomes of $19,999 and under compared with 50.8% in Central Ontario. In the $20,000 to $39,999 group, we find 27.1% in Central Ontario and 21.0% in Eastern Ontario. And in the $40,000 and over group, we find 22.2% in Central Ontario and $21.9 in Eastern Ontario.

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