Francophone Immigrants

In 2001, there were 61,023 Francophone immigrants in Ontario or 2.0% of the total immigrant population in the province.

The Francophone immigrant population represents 11.6% of Ontario’s Francophone population.

Francophone immigrants live primarily in Central Ontario (63.3%), followed by Eastern (29.1%) and Southwestern (5.8%) Ontario.

Women are more numerous than men in the immigrant population, as in the Francophone population as a whole.

Those aged from 30 to 64 years make up 57.3% of the Francophone immigrant population, and those 65 years and over, 13.6%.

A majority of Francophone immigrants are legally married (52.4%); 34.0% are single.

Almost half (28,177 persons or 46.2%) of the Francophone immigrant population belongs to a visible minority. These persons live primarily in Central (59.0%) and Eastern (35.4%) Ontario.

Visible minority Francophone immigrants are primarily members of the Black minority (33.1%), followed by the Arab (18.3%) and Chinese (14.1%) minorities.

Over 40.0% of Francophone immigrants in Ontario are from Europe compared with 23.5% from Asia and 22.8% from Africa.

Of the 14,559 Francophone immigrants who obtained landed immigrant status between 1996 and 2001, 36.2% are from Europe, 32.7% from Africa and 23.5% from Asia.

Of the 34,721 Francophone immigrants who moved between 1996 and 2001, 11,225 (or 32.3%) came from outside the country.

Of Francophone immigrants aged 15 and over, 12,873 (or 23.3%) attend school, 67.7% full-time. The majority live in either Toronto Division (37.9%) or Ottawa Division (29.9%).

Most Francophone immigrants aged 15 and over have a high level of schooling. Indeed, 63.8% have attended college or university compared to 43.7% of the total Francophone population.

Immigrant women, despite generally having a higher level of schooling than the total Francophone population, show proportions somewhat lower than their male counterparts.

A proportion of 25.2% of Francophone immigrant women have a level of schooling between Grade 9 and Grade 13, 5.3% have a trade certificate or diploma, 19.1% have attended college and 42.8% have attended university.

A proportion of 67.8% of immigrant women have a certificate, diploma or degree compared to 53.1% of the general population of Francophone women.

The major field of study reported by the Francophone immigrant population aged 15 years and over in Ontario is management and business administration (19.3%) as it is in the general Francophone population. Other fields of study found in the Francophone immigrant population differ from the general population. Thus, the second most important field is humanities and related fields (12.7%) and the third is engineering and applied sciences (12.5%). The fields of social sciences and related fields (11.0%) and applied science technologies and trades (10.8%) follow.

The Francophone immigrant population makes up 26.8% of the Francophone population with educational qualifications in humanities and related fields. It also comprises 46.7% of the Francophone population holding qualifications in engineering and applied sciences.

Immigrant women also choose to study primarily in the field of commerce, management and business administration (22.7%). They are overrepresented in this field, making up 57.6% of Francophone immigrants with these educational qualifications. They next choose humanities and related fields (18.1%) where they are also over-represented (69.9%). The third major field of study chosen by immigrant women is that of social sciences and related fields (12.3%), followed by educational, recreational and counselling services (11.2%) where they make up 70.2% of Francophone immigrants with these educational qualifications, and finally health professions and related technologies (11.0%) where they are also over-represented (63.6%).

A proportion of 65.9% of Francophone immigrants aged 15 years and over is active in the labour force. This proportion is 68.0% in Eastern Ontario and 66.4% in Central Ontario.

Francophone immigrant women are less active (60.0%) than the Francophone population as a whole. They also show a higher rate of unemployment (10.2%) than the total Francophone immigrant population.

The Francophone immigrant population works in manufacturing (13.0%), professional, scientific and technical services (11.2%), educational services (10.2%), retail trade (9.0%), health care and social assistance (8.0%) and public administration (7.2%).

Immigrant women work in educational services (13.0%), health care and social assistance (12.0%), retail trade (10.6%), professional, scientific and technical services (9.1%), manufacturing (8.5%) and public administration (8.3%).

Francophone immigrant women are distinguished from Francophone women in general by their greater presence in the professional, scientific and technical services sector and by a smaller presence in public administration.

The average employment income in the Francophone immigrant population is $37,859 compared to $35,792 in the Francophone population as a whole. The average total income is $33,888 compared to $32,518 in the Francophone population as a whole.

Francophone immigrant women have an average employment income of $28,980 and an average total income of $25,677. By comparison, the average employment income of Francophone women in Ontario is $28,562 with an average total income of $25,734.

There are significant income gaps within the Francophone immigrant population.

Close to 45% of the Francophone immigrants have incomes of $19,999 and under (44.6%) compared to 41.7% of Francophones in general.

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