Glossary

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This legal glossary is a basic guide to common legal terms. A lawyer is in the best position to advise you about your legal rights and responsibilities.

Different terms may have different meanings based on the specific area of law or the context in which they are being used. For legal terms not referred to in this glossary, or for more comprehensive definitions, you may wish to refer to a legal dictionary or to an internet resource.

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Tariff
A schedule of fees to be charged for various legal services.
Temporary Care and Custody Hearing
(see Hearing)
Temporary Order
(see Order)
Testament
A legal document to take effect on the death of the person making it. (see Will)
Testate
Dying having made a will.
Testator
Person making a will or who has died having made a will.
Testimony
The evidence which a witness gives.
Third Party Claim
(see Claim)
Title of Proceeding
Sets out the names of all the parties to a proceeding and whether they are involved personally or as a representative of a business or other entity.
Tort
A civil wrong, other than breach of contract, for which a remedy may be obtained, usually in the form of damages.
Transcript
A record of oral testimony in a legal proceeding that was taken by a court reporter.
Trial
The hearing of a legal issue by a court. Trials tend to involve testimony from witnesses.
Trial Management Conference
(see Conference)
Trial Record
A document that is served and filed by an applicant before the start of a trial, which contains all of the documents and reports needed at the trial.
Trier of Fact
The person(s) who hear testimony and review evidence to rule on a factual issue. For example, in a jury trial, the jurors are the triers of fact, whereas in a trial before a judge-alone, it is the judge.
Trust
Legal rights that apply where one person holds and deals with property on behalf of or for the benefit of another person.
Constructive Trust
A type of trust that may arise where one person contributes to the worth of another person's property. The court may find that it is a constructive trust if the property owner is unjustly enriched and the contributor receives no benefit. The effect of a constructive trust is that the owner of the property may have to hold the property in trust for the contributor.
Resulting Trust
An action taken with the intent of creating a trust, where property is given from one person to another to control and act as trustee.
Trustee
A person who holds and manages assets in trust for someone else.