Glossary

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This legal glossary is a basic guide to common legal terms. A lawyer is in the best position to advise you about your legal rights and responsibilities.

Different terms may have different meanings based on the specific area of law or the context in which they are being used. For legal terms not referred to in this glossary, or for more comprehensive definitions, you may wish to refer to a legal dictionary or to an internet resource.

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Joint Custody
(see Custody)
Joint Liability
(see Liability)
Judge
The person authorized to determine legal matters in court.
Deputy Judge
A person appointed to determine small claims court matters.
Puisne Judge
A judge or justice other than the chief judge or chief justice of a court.
Supernumerary Judge
A judge who has the option to retire, but who instead chooses to sit half of the time of a full-time judge.
Judgment
A judicial decision; the determination of a court; a court's sentence or decision on the major question in a proceeding.
Default Judgment
A judgment obtained where the defendant fails to defend against the plaintiff or applicant's claim.
Summary Judgment
In civil or family law matters, a motion for a final order without a trial on the basis that there is no genuine issue for trial because the evidence favouring one of the parties is overwhelming.
Judgment Creditor
In civil cases, a person who is owed money under a court judgment or order. The term "recipient" is used in support enforcement cases.
Judgment Debtor
In civil cases, a person who owes money under a court judgment or order. The term "payor" is used in support enforcement cases.
Judicial Interim Release
  1. Bail.
  2. Release of the accused between committal for trial and the trial's completion. The release can be with or without conditions and with or without someone guaranteeing the release (a surety).
Jurisdiction
The legal authority of a court to hear a particular matter.
Jury
A group of people sworn to deliver a verdict after considering evidence delivered to them concerning the issue.
Justice
  1. The principle of giving every person his or her due.
  2. A judge.
Justice of the Peace
A judicial officer who has authority to do a variety of things in criminal matters, including, issuing warrants and hearing bail applications and provincial offence trials.