Glossary

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This legal glossary is a basic guide to common legal terms. A lawyer is in the best position to advise you about your legal rights and responsibilities.

Different terms may have different meanings based on the specific area of law or the context in which they are being used. For legal terms not referred to in this glossary, or for more comprehensive definitions, you may wish to refer to a legal dictionary or to an internet resource.

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Sentence
The penalty imposed on the finding of guilt.
Concurrent Sentence
Two or more terms of imprisonment served simultaneously.
Conditional Sentence
Where a sentence of imprisonment of less than two years is given, the judge may order that the sentence be served in the community subject to conditions.
Consecutive Sentence
Two or more terms of imprisonment served one after the other.
Custody and Community Supervision/Custody and Conditional Supervision
The Youth Criminal Justice Act makes provisions for a custody and community or conditional supervision order, where two thirds of the sentence is served in custody and one third is served in the community under supervision.
Discharge
(see Discharge)
Fine
A monetary penalty.
Imprisonment
The act of confining someone in a jail or prison.
Intermittent Sentence
A sentence consisting of periods of imprisonment interrupted by periods of probation. Intermittent sentences may be given for sentences of imprisonment for 90 days or less, usually to avoid loss of employment or interruption of education or childcare.
Probation
An order authorizing a person to be in the community subject to conditions listed in the order.
Restitution
An order requiring a convicted person to restore property to its rightful owner, compensate for a loss, or repair damage caused.
Suspended Sentence
The release of the convicted person on certain conditions contained in a probation order.