Frequently Asked Questions

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What is Justice on Target?

Justice on Target (JOT) is the province’s strategy to improve the effectiveness of Ontario’s criminal justice system in a way that respects its integrity and protects the independent roles of justice participants.

The strategy has brought all justice participant groups together to identify issues, and design and implement local initiatives reduce criminal court delay. Judges, justices of the peace, Crown attorneys, Defence counsel, court staff, police, corrections, victim services, Legal Aid Ontario and others are working collaboratively to improve the effectiveness of the justice system.

The strategy, guided by an Expert Advisory Panel that includes some of the leading minds in the field of criminal justice, supports the work of local criminal court leaders across the province.

Does the strategy have a target?

The ultimate goal of the Justice on Target strategy is to promote continuous improvement in Ontario’s criminal courts.

Now in a new phase, JOT is building on its achievements by refining how progress is measured, moving from across-the-board reduction targets, to benchmarks that take into account a case’s complexity.

Using the benchmarks as a "yardstick", the JOT Team worked with criminal court leaders to develop improvement goals.

Initially an aggressive four-year target was set to reduce by 30 per cent the provincial average number of appearances and days required to complete a criminal charge. For nearly 20 years these two statistics were on the rise. As a result of JOT, both are now going down.

How did you determine the Benchmarks?

In June 2012, a Metrics Table was created to look at the best ways to build on our achievements and measure progress moving forward, and report to the strategy’s Expert Advisory Panel. The Metrics Table benefited from the experience and expertise of all sectors of the justice system including the judiciary, defence bar, corrections, Crown attorneys, court services, Legal Aid Ontario and others.

Consultations involving all justice participant groups established a benchmark number of court appearances and days depending on a case's complexity. "Case complexity" is a term developed and used by Justice on Target for this purpose.

How is a "case" defined?

A case is defined as a charge or charges under the Criminal Code of Canada that relate to a common incident.

How did you determine the three case categories?

"Case complexity" is a term developed and used by Justice on Target as a tool to establish time to disposition benchmarks based on the type of charges on a case. The people who work in Ontario's criminal courts every day were asked for their views on the number of appearances and days by which different types of case could generally be completed. They provided feedback on which charges should fall into each of three categories:

  • Less complex cases could include break and enter and theft; or mischief;
  • More complex cases could include violent charges, such as homicide and sexual assault; charges that are complicated to prosecute such as certain frauds and gang related charges;
  • Combined Provincial and Federal cases could include cases with one or more federal charges such as drug possession or drug trafficking, in combination with provincially prosecuted charges.

What is the Bail Experts Table?

The Bail Experts Table (BET) was established, in June 2012 to research leading practices and highlight opportunities to improve local and systemic bail practices.

The committee, co-chaired by Regional Senior Justice of the Peace Bridget Forster and JOT Director Lori Montague, includes representation of all sectors of the criminal justice system with a stake in the bail phase.

The group met frequently, travelled to various locations across the province and consulted with a wide variety of organizations before delivering draft recommendations to the JOT Expert Advisory Panel

Justice On Target